In the technology world, we get to read and hear words like programming or coding many times. Nowadays computer programming is becoming very popular. If you want to make a good career in the field of information technology, then you have to learn to program. Let us know today what the programming is and what are these types.
What is a programming language? We will also talk about some popular programming languages in this article.
What is a computer program? (What is Computer Program ?)
Before understanding what computer programming is, you should understand What is a computer program. The computer cannot do anything on its own unless an instruction is given to it.
It is the computer program or software that tells the computer what to do and how to do it. That is, your computer cannot do any work without any program or software. A computer program is also called software or computer application.
In fact, a computer program is a group of many instructions that tell the computer how to do a task. Microsoft Word, browser, movie player, etc. are all examples of computer programs. Similarly, the operating system is also a type of software that runs your entire computer.
What is programming? (What is Programming in Hindi?)
Programming is a process by which a computer program is designed. There are many instructions inside a program to solve a problem or perform a task and these instructions are written by the programmer.
In this process, code is written using a programming language. Programming can also be easy and much more complex as per the requirement.
Many times programming is also called coding. However, coding is only one part of programming.
Steps of Programming
There are many steps of programming, out of which 5 main steps are given below:
- Understanding the Problem: The programmer first has to understand the problem that has to be solved by the computer.
- Finding solutions: After this a solution to the problem is found and a plan is made.
- Program Coding: In order to do that work by computer, you have to write instruction and for this, coding has to be done by choosing the appropriate programming language.
- Program Testing: The created program is tested in different ways and the result is analyzed.
- Creating Documentation: Separate documents are prepared to explain that program. Such as end user documentation, programmer documentation, operator documentation etc.
What is a programming language? What is Programming Language in Hindi?
Programming language is a type of computer language the programmer uses to write code and design computer programs, software, applications, etc.
As you know, our computer only understands the language of binary ie 1, 0 and in the beginning time, computer programming was done in this language of 1 and 0. But it is very difficult for us humans to understand this binary language. This is the reason that the programming language was invented.
Actually, the programming language acts as a bridge between us and the computer. The thing to note here is that the computer does not directly understand the Instruction written in the programming language, for this a software is required which will convert this language into binary language.
Types of Programming Languages - Types of Programming Language in Hindi
There are mainly 3 types of programming languages:
- Machine Language
- Assembly Language
- High-Level Language
Let us understand these in detail:
Machine language is a language in which binary digits (0, 1) are used and all commands are in the format of 0 and 1 which is easily understood by the computer. The CPU of the computer (Central Processing Unit) directly understands this language. It is difficult for us humans to understand that this is the first generation language of computers.
It is the second generation language of computers. It is considered low-level language. It uses the keyword instead of binary digits. assembler is used to convert assembly language to machine code. It is a little easier than machine language.
Most Popular Programming Languages
Although there are many programming languages in the computer world, different languages are used for different tasks. Everyone has their advantages and disadvantages.
Today we are going to tell you about the most used and famous programming language worldwide:
Python language is a very popular programming language. Its special thing is that its syntax is very simple and user friendly so it is very easy to learn. This is the reason that it is very popular among beginners.
It is an open-source language. It is absolutely free and anyone can learn it. It is easy to be powerful as well. It is also used in fields like video games, data science, artificial intelligence.
Programming language ranking site According to the data of PYPL till October 2020, Python language is number one in the whole world. This ranking has been done on the basis of Google search data.
It is a highly used language, so speaking of popularity, it is one of the top-ranked programming languages.
3. Java Programming
Java has been in use in the field of computer programming for the last several years and it is very popular among large organizations. A program written in Java runs on all devices that support Java.
As you know Android platform is very popular in itself and Java is used to create Android apps. For this, Google has created Android Studio, which is a Java-based Android development platform.
According to the Tiobe Index, Java has been working for the past several years. Was at 1 position but now it is at the second position.
4. C# Language
C # (C Sharp) is a popular programming language created by Microsoft. This is a very powerful language for the .NET framework. Its syntax is like C and C ++ so if you know C programming then you can learn it easily.
It is used in making backend programming, Windows applications, games etc. If we talk about popularity, then it is at number five in the list of TIOBE index.
5. C / C++ Programming
It is number 1 in the TIOBE index 2020. Apart from this, C / C ++ is ranked seventh-eighth in the survey conducted by StackOverflow.
6. PHP Language
PHP is a popular scripting language used in web development. This is open-source language that works on the server-side. Millions of websites on the Internet are directly or indirectly using PHP. You will know about WordPress, it is the most used Content Management System (CMS) and its backend uses PHP language.
For more information on PHP read: What is PHP? what is it used for?
According to GitHub repository contribution, Octovers has placed it at number 4.
Conclusion – What is Programming in Hindi?
The world of computer and information technology is almost impossible without programming. There is so much power in programming that with its help, today man is running important things like airplane, satellite, missile system with just a few buttons and controllers.
You should learn to program even if you are not from the computer science field. Whether or not you do some work by learning coding, it will bring a lot of positive changes in your ability to understand and think. Nowadays even small children are being taught coding and it is a very good thing.
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